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同城头条  >  本地  >  强制性ROTC 政府权利:马科斯列举了19项优先立法措施
强制性ROTC 政府权利:马科斯列举了19项优先立法措施
2022年07月28日 07:12   浏览:8158   来源:菲社网

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President  Ferdinand  “Bongbong” Marcos, Jr. delivers  his  first  State  of  the  Nation  Address  at  the  House  of  Representatives  on  July  25, 2022. RTVM  Screengrab

2022年7月25日,费迪南德马科斯总统在众议院发表了他的第一次国情咨文106 . RTVM截屏

马尼拉——周一,小费迪南德马科斯总统要求国会立法通过19项措施,包括恢复强制预备役军官训练团(后备军官训练队)课程和精简政府机构。

马科斯在他的第一次国情咨文中提出了以下建议

National Government Rightsizing Program (NGRP)

奥巴马寻求通过政府精简计划,他说该计划旨在增强政府履行职责和提供更好服务的机构能力,同时确保资源的优化和高效利用。

政府工作人员担心在"精简"中失去工作

"精简“DBM :号支持合并、重组重叠政府机构的提议

对马科斯来说,这项措施将全面检查哪些机构正在执行相同的职责和任务,并将引导"机构中的变革举措"

oncerned, such as merger, consolidation, splitting, transfer, and abolition of some offices."

At the start of Marcos' administration, he had ordered the abolition of the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission and the revamp of the Presidential Communications Operations Office into the Office of the Press Secretary in a bid to streamline the bureaucracy.

  • Budget Modernization Bill

The bill aims to institutionalize a "cash-based budgeting system" and make sure that the government's budget "would lead to the actual delivery of programs and projects."

"The full implementation of the CBS is timely and vital as the government executes response and recovery plans post- pandemic," said Marcos.

  • Tax Package 3: Valuation Reform Bill

The measure, the President said, aims to provide a database for real property transactions and declarations, as well as indicate the real property values and valuation standards nationwide.

  • Tax Package 4: Passive Income and Financial Intermediary Taxation Act (PIFITA)

The 4th tax package wants to revamp the taxation in the financial sector into a "simpler, fairer, more efficient and a revenue neutral tax system."

"It also represents to adopt a regionally competitive tax system," he said.

  • E-Government Act

This will "provide for the establishment of the E-Government Master Plan which shall cover all e-government services and processes," Marcos said.

  • Internet Transaction Act or E-Commerce Law

The measure wants to protect consumers in online transactions, ensure the safety of products being sold, and make competition fair.

  • Government Financial Institutions Unified Initiatives to Distressed Enterprises for Economic Recovery (GUIDE)

GUIDE, the President said, seeks to aid MSMEs and "strategically important industries" by providing financial assistance to those considered distressed.

The measure would "encourage their continued operations and maintain employment."

  • Medical Reserve Corps

This aims to create a pool of licensed doctors, medical students who completed their 4-year course, medicine graduates, registered nurses, and other health professionals.

  • National Disease Prevention Management Authority

This measure will establish the Philippine Center for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), among the plans that he bared earlier in his speech.

  • Creation of the Virology Institute of the Philippines
  • Department of Water Resources
  • Unified System of Separation, Retirement and Pension

Marcos said the bill, when passed into a law, will provide "a monthly disability pension, in lieu of disability benefits provided under existing laws, for military and uniformed personnel retired by reasons of disability."

  • E-Governance Act
  • National Land Use Act
  • National Defense Act
  • Mandatory Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) and National Service Training Program (NSTP)

Marcos seeks the revival of the ROTC in senior high school or those in grades 11 and 12 in private and public tertiary institutions. Details were so far unclear how this would pan out but education advocates have already opposed the move.

The ROTC was made optional in 2002 following the death of UST student Mark Chua. He was allegedly killed by course officers after exposing ROTC fund mismanagement.

  • Enactment of an Enabling Law for the Natural Gas Industry

"This primarily seeks to foster the development of the Midstream Natural Gas Industry in a bid to strengthen Philippine energy security by diversifying the country’s primary sources of energy and promoting the role of natural gas as a complementary fuel to variable renewable energy," said Marcos.

  • Amendments to the Electric Power Industry Reform Act or EPIRA (Rep. Act No. 9136)

Amending the EPIRA law will help address the country's energy problems, according to Marcos. It also seeks to "improve the implementation of the law’s provisions and enhance its effectiveness to address high cost of electricity and the alleged market collusion."

Likewise, it aims to revamp the Energy Regulatory Commission to "foster accountability" and push for the protection of consumers through a competitive energy market.

  • Amendments to the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Law

The BOT amendments will help improve public-private partnerships as he seeks to strengthen the sector, said Marcos.

It will also address the law's "ambiguities," problems in the PPP implementation, and create a "more competitive" environment for the sector.

Finance Secretary Benjamin Diokno had said the Marcos administration is planning to shift to PPP to enable the government "enlarge fiscal space" and spend less for projects.

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